Cholesterol is a fatty substance that is found in our body and plays an important role in building cells. However, if the level of cholesterol in your body becomes too high, it can increase your risk of developing heart diseases. High cholesterol is a very common health concern among people, but it can be managed if you follow certain steps.
Check Your Cholesterol Levels
The first and foremost step in managing your cholesterol levels is to get it checked. A simple blood test can determine your cholesterol levels. It is recommended to get your cholesterol levels checked every 4 to 6 years if you are above the age of 20.
Know Your Numbers
Once you get your cholesterol levels checked, it is important to understand what the numbers mean. There are two types of cholesterol: LDL (bad) cholesterol and HDL (good) cholesterol. Ideally, your LDL cholesterol should be less than 100 mg/dL and your HDL cholesterol should be above 60 mg/dL.
Adopt A Healthy Diet
One of the most effective ways to lower your cholesterol levels is by following a healthy diet. Include foods that are rich in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid saturated and trans fats, which are found in fried foods, processed foods, and fatty meats.
Incorporating physical activity into your routine can also help in lowering your cholesterol levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, jogging, or cycling, on most days of the week.
Smoking can increase your risk of developing heart diseases and can also worsen your cholesterol levels. If you are a smoker, quitting smoking can have a positive impact on your cholesterol levels and overall health.
Manage Your Weight
Being overweight can increase your risk of developing high cholesterol levels. By maintaining a healthy weight, you can lower your risk of developing heart diseases and improve your cholesterol levels.
If your cholesterol levels are too high and cannot be managed through lifestyle changes, your doctor may recommend cholesterol-lowering medications. These medications, such as statins, can effectively lower your LDL cholesterol levels.
In conclusion, high cholesterol can be managed through simple lifestyle changes such as adopting a healthy diet, staying active, quitting smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight. If your cholesterol levels are still high, medications may also be considered. By taking these steps, you can lower your cholesterol levels and reduce your risk of developing heart diseases.