How Long To Cook A Turkey


Thanksgiving is around the corner, and it’s time to start planning for the feast. One of the most important components of the meal is the turkey, which is the centerpiece of the dinner table. However, many people struggle with cooking the turkey, and it can be a daunting task. In this article, we will discuss how long to cook a turkey, so you can enjoy a delicious and perfectly cooked bird.

Choosing the Turkey

Before we get into the cooking process, it’s important to choose the right turkey. The size of the turkey will depend on the number of guests you are expecting, and the general rule of thumb is to have 1 pound of turkey per person. Make sure to purchase a fresh or fully thawed turkey, and avoid buying a frozen one at the last minute.


Once you have your turkey, it’s time to prepare it for cooking. Remove the giblets and neck from the turkey cavity, and rinse the turkey thoroughly with cold water. Pat it dry with paper towels, and let it sit at room temperature for about an hour before cooking. This will ensure that the turkey cooks evenly.

Oven Temperature

The temperature of your oven is crucial when cooking a turkey. Preheat your oven to 325°F (165°C) for a conventional oven, or 300°F (150°C) for a convection oven. A lower temperature will allow the turkey to cook slowly and evenly, resulting in a juicy and delicious bird.

Cooking Time

The cooking time of your turkey will depend on its weight. As a general rule of thumb, cook your turkey for 15-20 minutes per pound. However, it’s important to use a food thermometer to ensure that the internal temperature of the turkey reaches 165°F (75°C) in the thickest part of the bird.


Basting is a common technique used when cooking a turkey. It involves brushing the turkey with its own juices or melted butter to keep it moist. However, basting too often can cause the turkey skin to become soggy, so it’s recommended to baste every 30-45 minutes.

Tent with Foil

After the first two hours of cooking, the turkey skin may start to become too brown and crispy. To prevent this, loosely tent the turkey with foil. This will allow the turkey to continue cooking while preventing the skin from burning.


Stuffing is a popular side dish that is often cooked inside the turkey cavity. However, this can increase the cooking time of the turkey and make it difficult to ensure that the internal temperature reaches 165°F (75°C). It’s recommended to cook the stuffing separately, and only stuff the turkey with aromatic ingredients such as herbs and citrus.

Resting Time

Once the turkey is fully cooked, it’s important to let it rest for at least 20-30 minutes before carving. This will allow the juices to redistribute throughout the bird, resulting in a tender and juicy turkey.


Cooking a turkey can be a challenging task, but it doesn’t have to be. By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your turkey is perfectly cooked and delicious. Remember to choose the right turkey, prepare it properly, cook it at the right temperature and for the right amount of time, and let it rest before carving. Happy Thanksgiving!

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